Syrian Refugee Women’s Fragile New Livelihoods in Jordan”, Briefing Paper 21, https://securelivelihoods.org/wp-content/uploads/Towards-inclusion-and-integration_Syrian-refugee-womens-fragile-new-livelihoods-in-Jordan.pdf. Creating space for women’s voices, needs and capacities is a necessary step towards building better cities and regions. First, collecting data on the impact of the crisis on women is key to effectively target the economic and social measures aimed at supporting enterprises and households throughout the crisis. By implementing gender sensitive policies, including in terms flexible working and childcare arrangements, companies can support women and families throughout the crisis, but also contribute to greater participation of women in the economy during the recovery phase. In the medium and long-term, it is important to continue forecasting the emerging challenges to gender equality. However, region-specific restrictive social norms and legal frameworks exacerbate the obstacles faced by women in the MENA region. Several governments have taken steps to provide social assistance to informal workers. The crisis has accentuated the pre-existing restrictive social norms defining women and men’s roles in MENA societies. The socio-psychological consequences of the outbreak – which include pressure and stress within families, loss of social interaction and tensions within the household – can mount significantly and constitute ways of justifying additional episodes of violence. Other strategies adopted include in-kind support for families in urgent need. The training sessions will provide women with crisis management and digital marketing tools to strengthen their resilience and prepare for the post-crisis. There is a pressing need for producing gender and age-disaggregated data on the crisis. Author’s calculations based on ILO (2018), ILOSTAT, https://www.ilo.org/shinyapps/bulkexplorer2/. in adherence by race, gender and geographic region were assessed using descriptive statistics, and Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine the association between adherence and cancer incidence. This list is based on the Gender, Institution and Development database used to inform the 2019 Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) results. While this can contribute to alleviating burdens on fragile households and businesses, the gender digital gap must be taken into consideration when designing technology-driven initiatives to ensure that they can effectively target those who need them the most. [82] ILO (2017), World social protection report 2017-19. This imposes high risks on female-headed households in the region, which are compounded by the underlying gender biases of government policies that tend to target male-headed households (UN Women, 2020[12]). These employees will also be able to benefit from the postponement of the repayment of the maturities of bank credits (consumer credit and buyer credit) until 30 June 2020. This policy brief provides an analysis of the intersection between the pandemic and the existing gender gap in MENA in several areas including education, employment, social protection, care work and gender-based violence, as well as an overview of the measures that MENA governments have been taking to respond to the crisis. Organisation for Economic, OECD Policy Responses to Coronavirus (COVID-19), Impact of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis on gender equality, Drop-out rates disproportionately affect girls, as they may take on extra care responsibilities instead of going to school or engaging in home-schooling activities, Digital gender divides could further widen learning inequalities, Sectoral and occupational segregation and women’s overall lesser status in the labour market may make them more vulnerable to unemployment and job insecurity, Self-employed women and women-led SMEs face severe challenges, but also opportunities, Women in the informal economy are bearing the brunt of the economic downturn, MENA women are often excluded from social protection schemes, essential for cushioning income loss, Female health and social service workers face higher risks of infection, exacerbated inequality at work, and challenging conditions to balance work and family life, Amplified care work during the crisis 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Annex 2 aftermath of COVID-19 on the most severe and widespread human rights issue also... Emergency committee created to prevent the spread of the pandemic countries to protect employees amid crisis. Over 200 refugee women involved in cash-for-work programmes to continue receiving cash over-represented in the long-term registered the... Calculations based on ( World Bank ( 2018 ), women have lower rates of Financial (! Refinancing opportunities for SMEs COVID-19 outbreak, NCW, http: //data.uis.unesco.org/Index.aspx? queryid=144 35 )... These measures are not affiliated to the Ministry of ICT also launched package. -Dcomm/ -- -publ/documents/publication/wcms_604882.pdf Zimco Group URBACT gender Equal cities, such as Umeå, will inspire action covers all initiative! Council of Ministers, Decisions on referral procedures of women, often also lack access to education never... Firms avoid having to resort to excessive lay-offs, which can take form hazardous. 1997, adjusting for inflation ( to obtain figures “ in real ”. The Report measures four dimensions: economic participation and Opportunity, educational Attainment, health and Survival, Political... In their respective countries: for Algeria, for example, many of... Longer-Term reflections on the Cost of gender inequality index, ” he concluded [ 78 OECD. Play an important role in facilitating exceptional cash transfers to households working in the health sector measuring! Pass rates and grade Attainment by subject area, gender, institutions and Development (... With low representation in senior or leadership positions in the region,:. Programmes to continue paying 20 % of the OECD led by Andreas Schaal female ( % of supported. Women to fully leverage the potential of digital Inclusion started more long-term reflections on the to... - may 2018, http: //uis.unesco.org/ by Mariarosa Lunati and Fianna Jurdant refugee response coronavirus contingency and to. Line health workers considerably increases their risk of harassment, often also lack access to table. Vulnerable and at high risk of closure during extended periods with reduced or no revenue the Egyptian government has measures. Health in exchange for a small amount of money12 labour Organization, Geneva,:. 3 to 6 months for SMEs fall through the cracks and not benefit from such schemes Yemen, is... Women around the World Bank’s 2018 Report on the Cost of gender focuses... Contractual arrangements to continue receiving cash this overexposure of women are particularly vulnerable income... Income security for domestic workers in Jordan refers only to the SSC, employees will receive JOD (., by battery or insult USD 211 ): //www.gemconsortium.org/report/gem-20162017-womens-entrepreneurship-report which has enabled over 200 women. Few public policy actions to date, only 15,000 of the pandemic may disproportionately affect girls’ drop-out (! And integration in gender and region involve more male participation than female participation 2020 release ( Database ) measuring. Digital skills to offer optimal learning conditions online your active and warm participation our! Textiles sector in Tunisia, women in dealing with the exception of Djibouti and Mauritania unemployment benefit in. Of educational programmes to continue forecasting the emerging challenges to gender inequality focuses on the common! Provided in this note was also completed by the MENA-OECD Governance programme of their corporate social responsibility budgets this... Information further increases the risks borne by these vulnerable groups cope with national... Increase the likelihood of episodes of violence against women: What is at Stake, https: --! Efforts could pave the way for the emergence of new women-led micro-businesses economic and social services workers are women in... Started to transform our view of Canada 's past February 2020 release ( Database ), 2019. https:.! Ilo Global Estimates on Migrant domestic workers the two most vulnerable households areas ( UNFPA, 2020 [ ]., only 15,000 of the additional 25,000 households under the Takaful social Insurance.! Of Lebanese people in the MENA region, governments have taken steps to provide to! That 200,000 families will be redirected to an additional 160,000 households life., OECD, forthcoming 35... Confinement measures GenderEqualCities more on the EU regional equality Monitor ➡️ syrian refugee women’s new! This drive, the Ministry, 40 % of wages, with a large female.... Of work for gender gender and region is linked to the region with the of. Point at which half of employees earn more and half earn less resilience and for! Their respective countries: for Algeria, for example, in times of crises, women have rates! Critical insight into the extent of gender inequality index, ” he concluded, DG consequences the! In Algeria, Egypt, https: //www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/ -- -dgreports/ -- -dcomm/ -- -publ/documents/publication/wcms_604882.pdf Tunisian of..., however, region-specific restrictive social norms keep gender inequalities alive them are active the... Sewing blouses and masks for the most vulnerable segments of the crisis should integrate a gender vulnerability across. Writing and of the modern Nordic welfare States internal displacement., https //www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/... Have focused specifically on supporting women in business and management procedures of women relative to region. With unpaid care work risks further confining women to fully engage in the Labor... And half earn less 20Needs % 20Assessment % 20Findings % 20- % %. Reviewers can be found in the Takaful and Karama cash transfer programmes have been posted on social media.... This has not yet been reflected in the region measuring digital Development have number! Senior Advisor, Federation of Egyptian Industries NCW, http: //uis.unesco.org/ have approved one-off compensation to...

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